121. Daniels House

Hamilton Daniels grew up in Naper’s Settlement and built his white-pillared house across the river on Washington Street in 1852, a few years before he attended Rush Medical College in Chicago. He was probably already mixing up herbal remedies and his own brand of patent medicines from this house. During Dr. Daniels’s early career, medicine offered three alternatives. The approach thought to be most scientific promoted bloodletting, purging, vomiting and blistering. For obvious reasons, this approach was not popular with patients. Another alternative was surgery. But prior to the Civil War, whiskey was the leading anesthetic, and infection seemed inevitable; so this method was also unpopular. Patent medicine, on the other hand, seemed benign by comparison. These tinctures made from plants and minerals, suspended in alcohol and sweetened to taste, at least seemed harmless. And most recipes were rooted in old folklore remedies that used familiar ingredients and were appealing to people living close to the land. Friendly ads in the newspaper, shapely bottles and colorful labels popularized patent medicines around the country. For 40 years, Dr. Daniels worked as a family practitioner, bringing babies into the world and treating their ailments, along with those of their elders, with his special line of patent medicines.